The effect of oil economy on accountability in constitution system
Accountability is an index to determine the democratic government and also it is one of the main principles. The continual evaluation leads to the improvement of state agents and public institutions performance, optimal use of public resources, avoiding deviation and corruption in the society. Also, to achieve democracy, it avoids autonomy and transgression of rulers to the citizens. Oil revenues can stabilize dictator and non-responsive governments. This is done via various ways, government control on oil as a rent source can make a strong government with extensive structure. Oil rent allows big administrative formations and payment of considerably subsidies to the government and the weak people will be dependent upon the government. Great oil revenues provides the governments with promotion of security and information structure of the government and creating mass organizations and some mechanisms as free press and civil institutions supervising the power and also ask for accountability. Oil rent helps the government to create a supportive class of people and avoid the creation of independent strong classes restricting government power and ask them to respond to their acts. The above mechanisms potentially are inhibitors of democracy and accountability in oil-field countries. The present study aimed to review the concept of oil economy, accountability, the significance of accountability and investigate the mechanisms of oil economy impact on public accountability.
Keywords: Accountability, Oil economy, Rentiergovernment, Political development, Democracy, Oil rent